Boom in India’s Population : Does India Overtake China as World’s Most Populated Nation?

by pooja
Boom in India's Population : Does India Overtake China as World's Most Populated Nation?

China and India are the two most populous countries in the world, with a combined population of more than 2.5 billion. While China has a population of approximately 1.4 billion, India’s population stands at around 1.3 billion. IN 2023 India has overtaken China in terms of population soon.

India’s high fertility rate is one of the major causes of population expansion in our country. India’s fertility rate is all around 2.3, which is greater than China’s fertility rate of 1.6. This means that on average, Indian women have more children than Chinese women. Additionally, India has a younger population as compared to China, with a median age of 27 years compared to China’s 37 years. This indicates to India’s population is expanding more quickly than China’s. 

India’s vast young population is another factor contributing to population rise. India has a huge young population, which is more than 64% of the population under the age of 35.  This means that India has a large pool of people who are at the age of starting families, which is driving population growth.

Despite India’s population growth, China still has a higher population density than India. China’s population is more concentrated in metropolitan areas than in India, which is spread day by day. With a population density of roughly 150 people per square kilometer, China’s population is denser than India, which has a population density of roughly 450 people per square kilometer.

Overall, India’s population is expected to overtake China’s in the near future due to its high fertility rate, large youth population, and lower population density. This will have significant implications for the global economy, as India’s population which is expected to become the world’s largest consumer market, driving economic growth and development.

Another factor contributing to India’s population growth is its high fertility rate. 

According to the World Bank, India’s total fertility rate (TFR) is currently at 2.3, which is above the replacement level of 2.1. This means that on average, each woman in India who gives birth to more than two children. This high fertility rate is a reflection of the cultural and social norms in India, where large families are often seen as a sign of prosperity and security.

However, India’s high fertility rate is also driven by a lack of access to family planning and reproductive health services, particularly in rural areas. According to a study by the International Institute for Population Sciences, only 42% of married women in India use any form of modern contraceptive method. This lack of access to family planning and reproductive health services leads to unintended pregnancies and high rates of maternal and infant mortality.

In addition to high fertility rates, India’s population growth is also driven by declining mortality rates. According to the World Health Organization, India has made significant progress in reducing child and maternal mortality in recent years. This is brought on by a number of things, such as easier access to medical treatment, better diet, and better living situations. As a result, more people are growing up and having their own families.

While India’s population growth is driven by a combination of factors, it also has significant implications for the country’s economy, environment, and social well-being. For example, a rapidly growing population puts pressure on the country’s limited resources and infrastructure, leading to increased competition for jobs and housing. Additionally, it aggravates environmental issues including deforestation, biodiversity loss, and pollution of the air and water.

“Understanding the World’s Population: The Global Demographic

The world population is currently around 7.8 billion and is projected to reach around 9.7 billion by 2050 and 11.2 billion by 2100. This rapid growth in population is a major concern for many countries as it puts a strain on resources and the environment.

The rise in life expectancy is one of the primary causes of population growth. Advances in medicine and healthcare have led to an increase in the number of people living to an older age. This, combined with a decrease in infant mortality, has resulted in a growing population. Additionally, many countries have seen a decline in birth rates, which has led to an aging population.

The environment is also impacted by the growing population. The need for resources like food, water, and energy rises as more people are born. Deforestation, overfishing, and pollution may result from this. Furthermore, the increasing population also contributes to climate change, as more people means more carbon emissions.

To address the population growth, many countries have implemented policies aimed at reducing birth rates. These include supporting family planning and granting access to education and contraception. A lot of nations have also put environmental protection and carbon emission reduction regulations into place.

However, population growth is not just an issue for developing countries. Many developed countries also have an aging population and are facing challenges such as a shortage of workers and a strain on social security systems. As such, it is important for all countries to address population growth and its impact on resources and the environment.

In conclusion, the world population is growing rapidly and is projected to reach over 11 billion by 2100. This growth puts a strain on resources and the environment, and it is important for all countries to address this issue through policies aimed at reducing birth rates and protecting the environment. Additionally, all countries should also consider the challenges of an aging population, as this is also a major concern for many other countries.


Based on current population trends and projections, it is likely that India will become the most populous country in the world in the near future. The country’s population has been growing rapidly in recent years and is expected to continue to do so, surpassing China’s population in the next few decades. However, it is important to note that population growth can be influenced by a variety of factors, including government policies, economic conditions, and social and cultural factors, and it is possible that these factors could change in the future, potentially affecting population growth.

Therefore, while India is likely to which is most populous country in the future, it is important to continue monitoring population trends and analyzing the factors that influence population growth in order to better understand the potential impact of this trend on the country and the world.

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